stibnite cluster Baiut, Maramures Co, Romania


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this stibnite cluster of shiny, metallic lustered crystals is from Baiut, Maramures Co, Romania
Named after the latin stibium, which is the old name of the element antimony (Sb). Stibnite was and continues to be the primary ore of antimony.

Mineral Group  sulphide
Composition  Sb2S3
Origin  Baiut, Maramures Co, Romania
dimension (cm)  5x4x2.5
weight (g)  64
Stibnite also known as Antimonite was known to the Roman natural scientist, Pliny, who mentioned it in his writings as a cosmetic preparation of that time: the silver grey antimonite was finely ground to be used for colouring the eyelids. Antimonite occurs in various veins together with other ores, or in veins which are often gold-bearing. It forms elongated crystals which may be of hairlike shape. It is sometimes found in masses. It is well known for its strikingly beautiful crystals which were found in the Japanese island of Shikoku and were used
as ornaments. The mining in Japan has long since ceased and the crystals, which sometimes measured as much as 1 m, are today a precious rarity. They were most popular with the local inhabitants. who used them as flower supports or to make the little fences of Japanese miniature gardens. These unusual crystal creations of the mineral kingdom often also formed an essential part of the interior decor of many dwellings. The strange beauty of the Japanese antimonite vein cavities was exceptional. The walls of these natural caves were garnished with rich druses and tufts of the most magnificent columnar crystals, as dazzling as polished steel.
Today they can be seen only in museum collections.
The largest deposits of antimonite are in Mexico and in the Jiangxi province in China. The richest European deposits are at Bohutin and at Milesov near Pribram (Czech Republic), in the Little Carpathians (Slovakia), in Sardinia and Tuscany (Italy) and near Fojnica, Krupanj and Kostajnik (Serbia). Beautiful druses of antimony are found in Romania (Baia Sprie and Chiusbaia). Antimonite is the chief ore of antimony, of which it contains up to 71 per cent. Nearly three-quarters of the production is used for the manufacture of various alloys, particularly type metal (alloy of antimony and lead).

Additional information

Weight 64 g
Dimensions 5 x 4 x 2.5 cm